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❶As with those latter religions, within Judaism are a number of different groups separated by levels of orthodoxy, by

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A third difference between the three religions has to do with their vision of the nature of God. Both Jews and Muslims believe that there is only one God and that there are no distinct parts to God.

Christians, however, believe that God is one God who is made up of three persons. There are many other differences between these religions in terms of the laws they believe in, the ways in which they practice their faiths, etc. However, these are the main theological similarities and differences between the three.

There are differences within each of these traditions, as well as between them. For example, there are distinct divisions between Protestant and Roman Catholic elements of Christianity, as well as differences between branches of Protestantism, like Southern Baptists and Presbyterians.

There are Reform, Conservative, and Orthodox wings of Judaism, as well as deeply voluntarily segregated sects like the Hassidim.

These religions share enough commonalities that, to outsiders, they seem unitary, yet each of these can be seen as a community in itself. In the Roman Catholic tradition, there is a "canon" or church law, upon which decisions on doctrine are based. There is a structured hierarchy of priests, who dispense the sacraments and who defer to the bishops, including the Pope.

Protestantism is far less structured, with minor exceptions, like in the Church of England where the Archbishop of Canterbury is the nominal head of the church. The notion of "infallibility" does not apply to the Archbishop, who is more often an intellectual leader than a divinely guided one, as the Pope is. The network of e. Southern Baptist congregations across the United States is a confederation, with no particular location or structure that is equivalent to the Roman Catholic Vatican or the clergy.

That makes Protestants more like Jews and Muslims. Neither Jews nor Muslims have a hierarchy, operating their temples and mosques as independent organizations. Yet, these two religious traditions have much in common with Christianity, sharing a deep affiliation with the "law. At the very heart of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism is what must be called the revered word of God, and His instructions to us on how to live. Jewish doctrine dictates that God gave His commandments to Moses, a prophet, and to other prophets from Abraham on down.

Christian doctrine dictates that Jesus, as a divine being, modified the old law and created the basis for a New Testament. The old prophets still applied, but there would be no new prophets until Jesus came again. Wars have been fought, both militarily and politically, between these three monotheistic traditions.

Christians, resenting that Jerusalem was in non-Christian hands, fought several crusades to overthrow Muslim rule. Muslims, when the Prophet Muhammad was alive, accepted both Jews and Christians as Muslim, but within 50 years of his death, Islam was defined as separate and distinct from the other two. Contemporary Israel, a land Jews claim by history, is seen as an Arab price paid for German inhumanity. Most Jewish holidays are centered around shared meals, with special blessings to indicate that What roles does food play at Jewish festivals, ceremonies and homes?

Food plays a significant role in Jewish festivals, ceremonies, and in Jewish homes. For example one Holy time that many Jewish people and even non-Jewish people keep Christian churches that hold What kind of rituals are associated with the preparation and taking of food within Judaism?

There are several different traditions concerning food in Judaism. The first has to do with ritual purity. Certain types of food for example, pork and shellfish are considered unclean and In what way is preparation and taking of food regulated in Judaism? There are elaborate rules concerning preparation and consumption of food in Judaism. They form a significant body of the ritual component of everyday life for orthodox Jewish families and represent What is the meaning of rituals involving food in Judaism?

There are many components of Jewish ritual life that involve food. The major dietary and religious laws applicable to food consumption, preparation and ritual in Judaism are set out in the Biblical In the Jewish religion, what sort of religious rituals are associated with the preparation of food? Food laws in the Jewish religion are called Kashrut, and determine a set of standards for food content and preparation; acceptable food is "Kosher.

In the Jewish religion, how is food preparation regulated? Jewish food preparation, called Kashrut, is regulated according to principles and rules laid out in the Mishna, which codified Jewish law. Since food is no longer grown and prepared at home in What is the meaning behind Jewish food preparation customs? In the Jewish faith, food preparation is performed according to laws and customs, called "Kashrut," passed down since Biblical times. In Jewish tradition, these laws have no explicit meaning; they We do not have any historical knowledge of who founded the Jewish faith.

Abraham is considered as the father of the family of Jews. Moses, is also an important figure as he gave the Jews the Torah around B. The Torah contains the laws of God. Abraham is the father of the Jewish people. Jews see Abraham as a symbol of trusting and obeying God.

Abraham is also important to followers of Christianity and of Islam. The story of Abraham is told in the Book of Genesis the first book of the Hebrew and Christian Bibles in chapters Moses is the leader who freed them from slavery in Egypt. Moses protected the Jews from the wrath of God, and negotiated with God on their behalf. What is the Symbol of Judaism? The Menorah is one of the oldest symbols of the Jewish faith.

It is a candelabrum with seven candle holders displayed in Jewish synagogues. It symbolises the burning bush as seen by Moses on Mount Sinai. The two most common menorahs have seven and nine candle-holders. The term hanukiah or chanukiah , refers to the nine-candled holder used during the Jewish festival of Hanukkah. What is a Mezuzah? A mezuzah is found on doorposts in Jewish homes. It is a little case, containing a tiny scroll. The writing on the scroll is from the bible.

It is in Hebrew and is called the Shema. It says that Jewish people should love God and keep his rules. Jews worship in Synagogues. Men and women usually sit separately in the Synagogues. The Jewish spiritual leaders are called Rabbis.

Unlike leaders in many other faiths, a rabbi is not a priest and has no special religious status. The most holy Jewish book is the Torah the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. No one is allowed to touch the Torah, so a special pointer called a yad is used to follow words when reading it.

The most important day of the week is the Sabbath Shabbat , which is a day made holy by refraining from weekday work. The Jewish holy day, or Sabbath, starts at sunset on Friday and continues until sunset on Saturday. During the Sabbath, observant Jews will do nothing that might be counted as work. At the beginning of Shabbat Jewish families share a meal. They eat special bread called hallah.

On the Sabbath, Jews attend services at the synagogue, often led by a Rabbi. Kippah a skull cap. On their heads a devout Jew always wears the Kippah to remind him that he is always duty bound to follow the laws of God at all times and in all places. Tallit a prayer shawl. Before beginning to worship or pray the devout Jew will often put on a tallit.

The fringes on the shawl remind him of the many commandments of the Torah. Tefilin small leather box with long leather straps attached. The boxes are worn on the left forearm and on the forehead. Inside the boxes are passages from the scriptures.

A tefilin on the forehead remind the Jew to concentrate on the teachings of the Torah with all your full mind. They are both special ceremonies where Jewish boys aged 13 and girls aged 12 can become adults in the eyes of the Jewish religion.

Jews call marriage Kiddushin.

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Judaism is the oldest of the world's four biggest monotheistic religions (religions with only one god). It's also the smallest, with only about 12 million followers around the world. Jewish history begins with the .

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The Five Oldest main World Religions in order are: Hinduism - The oldest religion, it may date to prehistoric times. Judaism - The Hebrew leader Abraham founded Judaism around B.C. Judaism is the oldest of the monotheistic faiths (religions with one god).

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Judaism may have began in the Middle East but today Jewish people live in countries all around the world (almost half of the world's Jews live in the USA and a quarter live in Israel). The Jewish holy text . The religion of the Jewish people is Judaism. Judaism has more than 14 million followers throughout the world, more than a third of whom live in the United States. Many other Jews live in Israel, a country at the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea.

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Judaism Questions and Answers - Discover the counting.ga community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Judaism eNotes Home Homework Help. Islam, Judaism, and Christianity are considered Abrahamic religions. This means that they all worship the god of Abraham. Because of language differences, they call God by different names, but they are one and the same. They believe that God is the creator of the universe. The three faiths are all .